A liquid crystal display device includes a reflector disposed at an outside surface side of one substrate of a liquid crystal cell or between the first substrate and an electrode disposed on an inside surface side of the first substrate. This provides great savings in overhead, signaling, and state information storage and also allows for routing through the MPLS IPv4 network to adjust in response to changes in network state. Over a period of time, a determination is made as to whether a certain level of dynamic entrainment andor disentrainment exists between the chaoticity profiles associated with one or more critical channel groups of a selected predictor, where a predictor represents a given number of critical channel groups x, a given number of channels per group y, and a total number of channels N.